Focus Country


There is no other coffee country in the world like Ethiopia. It is the birthplace of Coffea arabica and contains nearly one-fifth of all coffee farms across the world. Coffee is critical to the economy, generating 24% of Ethiopia's export income. At the same time, half of the coffee produced in Ethiopia remains within the country for local consumption as part of the world’s oldest coffee culture. Ethiopian coffee is celebrated globally for its wide range of unique and diverse flavor profiles. It is exported primarily to Saudi Arabia, the United States, Germany and Japan.

Global export rank
International Coffee Organization, 2017-2019 mean
Coffee produced by smallholders
Enveritas Global Farmer Study, 2018
Our Strategy

In 2021, WCR signed a memorandum of understanding with the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) and the Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC) to support their work to bring improved varieties to farmers. Ethiopia has a long and strong tradition of coffee agricultural research via EIAR and JARC. In 2021 and 2022, WCR is leading numerous assessments to understand how global donors and partners can support Ethiopian research institutions to improve the quality of coffee R&D and increase access to better plants for the benefit of Ethiopian farmers. Once we have completed these assessments, the next step is to work with JARC and EIAR to prioritize the areas where investment is needed and to work with different donors to unlock these investments.

Current Activity

Country Progress

Ethiopia’s exports are increasing.

Export volume, three-year average


Country Statistics

Impact Potential

Coffee agricultural R&D is critical for delivering the productivity and quality improvements that lead to economic transformation at scale.

3,761,232 bags
100% arabica
540,000 ha
Very Low, 0.29%
0.48 ha

International Coffee Organization (ICO). 2021. Exports of all forms of coffee by exporting countries to all destinations. Accessed from




Enveritas, 2018. “How many coffee farmers are there? Global coffee farm study”


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2021. Crops and livestock products. Accessed from


Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI). 2021. ASTI database. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI). Accessed from:


Calculated using ICO production data and FAO area harvested data

Our Partners

Working collaboratively to ensure the future of coffee

Jimma Agricultural Research Center (JARC)

JARC was established in 1967 to coordinate, generate, and disseminate coffee research for Ethiopian farmers. It is part of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR). JARC has released 42 coffee varieties for different regions and conducts research on quality, diseases and pests, agronomy, soil, conservation practices, and socioeconomics.

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