Indonesia is one of the most diverse coffee origins in the world, producing both arabica and robusta coffee and contributes 5% of the world’s coffee exports.1 Coffee employs 1.77 million people in Indonesia, but exports like oil palm and rubber contribute significantly more to the economy and cereal crops are the focus of most public research and development investment. In the last decade, coffee’s share of agricultural GDP has fallen by nearly two-thirds.
Indonesia has higher domestic consumption of coffee than most producing countries.
Most of Indonesia's arabica coffees have been categorized as a specialty coffee and receive premium prices. Several types are also labelled with geographic indications, such as Sumatra, affording differentiation as specific coffee products in the market. Until 2020, 32 areas have been registered as Geographical Indications products at the Ministry of Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia.