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Coffee varieties of mesoamerica and the caribbean

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Arabica Coffee Varieties

An interactive website exploring 53 arabica varieties
variety catalog website

This catalog in two formats—an interactive website and PDF—gathers in one place for the first time essential information on 53 arabica varieties from around the world.

Arabica coffee varieties are all members of the same species, but they have different traits. Arabica coffee first arrived in Mesoamerica in the mid-1700s. Historically, most coffees in the region descend from just two varieties: Typica and Bourbon. In the mid-20th century, breeders began introducing varieties that possessed genetics from the C. canephora (Robusta) species, which made them resistant to coffee leaf rust. More recently, genetically diverse Ethiopian varieties and F1 hybrids have been introduced bringing new possibilities for coffee growers.

Arabica Coffee Varieties  presents information for coffee producers and anyone working with coffee plants about how different varieties can be expected to perform under ideal conditions. The intention of this catalog is that those working with coffee should be able to make informed decisions about which variety will work best for their situation and needs.

Because the life of a coffee tree is 20-30 years, the decision producers make about which variety to plant will have consequences until the next generation. Coffee producers who make good planting decisions are at much less risk from disease or pests. Choosing the right type of coffee also has consequences for quality in the cup. Planting coffee that is well-adapted to the local environment is one critical factor in ensuring the highest possible quality.

variety catalog website

Download the PDF version:
/ Spanish

Arabica Coffee Varieties

What people are saying

Matt Perger, Barista Hustle

"World Coffee Research has knocked it out of the park with this one. Although aimed at farmers to help them make the best choice for planting, it’s a rich, detailed, free, and absolutely gorgeous resource for all."

Daily Coffee News

"The result is a visually coherent and remarkably easy-to-use resource, the likes of which have not existed prior to now."

Taylor Street Baristas

"It's like Alice down the Rabbit Hole."

  • Authors: World Coffee Research
  • Leaders: Christophe Montagnon, Benoit Bertrand, Hanna Neuschwander
  • Partners: USAID, UTZ, Promecafe, ICAFE, PROCAFE, Consejo Salvadoreño de Cafe, ANACAFE, IHCAFE, CIB, INTA, MIDA, CODOCAFE, JNC, KALRO, DARS, RAB, NaCORI, CRI Zimbabwe
  • Timeline: 2018